In the past few years, Canadian immigrants have been obtaining permanent residence by working and studying in the country.

An immigration surveillance report by Statistics Canada indicated that the number of temporary foreign workers and students has significantly increased between 2000 and 2018. More than 50% of immigrants who got permanent residence through the economic-class pathway were temporary foreign employees in 2018 compared to only 12% in the wake of the new millennium.

To achieve the goals of its foreign-worker immigration system, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) was established in 1996 to allow Provinces and other territories to offer invitations to eligible candidates, based on their economic needs. In 2009, the Canadian Experienced Class (CEC) was introduced and admitted 20% of the economic-class immigration in 2018. While the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) accounted for 25%, PNPs had the largest share, resulting in a 46% share.

Statistics Canada released the data as the second report in a series of researches. StatsCan conducts these surveys in conjunction with the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The primary reason for organizing the studies is to assess how temporary foreign workers have revamped the activities in the country’s job market. Only three surveys have been conducted thus far.

Obtaining permanent residence in the country follows a “two-step” program. That’s because a candidate needs to first arrive and live in the country on a temporary basis. The potential employers examine the applicant’s profile in Canada before approval by the immigration authority. They [immigrants] can then apply for immigration according to the criteria laid out by the federal and provincial immigration policies.

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