On the 20th of June 2023, a study by Statistic Canada called “Non-permanent residents in Canada: a portrait of a growing population from the 2021 Census” showed that non-permanent residents are becoming an even larger part of the Canadian population.
The study was based on the results of the 2021 Census of Population. It primarily looked at the features of non-permanent residents according to their reasons for non-permanent residence in Canada.
Non-permanent residents in Canada include temporary foreign workers, international students, and asylum seekers, who all possess the right to live in Canada on a provisional basis.
In the 2021 census of population close to one million non-permanent residents (NPRs) were tallied, meaning they make up about two and a half percent of Canada’s population.
According to the 2021 census, about forty percent of the non-permanent residents had a work permit alone, and twenty-two percent had a study permit only. 14.2.% of the NPRs had both a work permit and a study permit.
Asylum seekers or those seeking refugee protection made up about fifteen percent of the NPRs.
The remaining percentage of the non-permanent residents were temporary resident permit holders, family members of NPRs, and parent and grandparent super visa holders combined.
Non-Permanent Residents Are Younger Compared To Other Canadians
According to the 2021 census of the population, sixty percent of non-permanent residents in Canada were between the age of twenty and thirty-four. Just to compare, such young adults make up only 37.3% of new Canadian immigrants and 18.4% of the rest of the Canadian population.
The most probable reason why most non-permanent residents in Canada are so young is that many of them hold study and work permits, most of whom are young adults aged 20 to 34.
Most Non-Permanent Residents Are Born In China And India
Non-permanent residents in Canada come from a wide range of places. However, most non-permanent residents are born in China (28.5%), and India (10.5%).
Quebec is the only province in Canada where France was the most common country of origin for NPRs and not China or India. In Quebec, about a fifth of the non-permanent residents were born in France.
For asylum seekers, Nigeria was the most common country of birth, with India coming in second and Mexico being third.
The most common country of origin for asylum seekers in Canada varied from province to province. For example, in Ontario, Nigeria was the most common country of origin. In Quebec, Haiti was the most common place of origin, and in British Columbia, it was Iran.